Learn About Cannabidiol
What is cannabidiol, or CBD?
CBD has become a craze but most people know very little more about CBD and why they should consider taking it. If you do not already know, it comes from the hemp plant and it’s believed to be very good for your health, and we'll get into that in more detail below. Cannabidiol is one of several cannabinoids, chemical substances found in cannabis plants. Although there are several cannabinoids, CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two that are most widely known. The primary source of CBD in nature is the hemp plant, a botanical cousin of marijuana. As a consumer, CBD has the potential to be a great source of healing and daily wellness. Yet for all the potential healing that could come with CBD, there are still many questions about what CBD actually is and is it really legal?
Many people think CBD is a type of marijuana or something illegal, especially when you hear about grandma at Disney World getting arrested for having CBD. We have extensively read and researched CBD, including everywhere online, and one thing is clear...there is a ton of conflicting stories and information, so we are here to set the CBD facts straight!
Hopefully, as you read through this, we have put this into terms that you can understand and explain to others so that we change the misleading information into well informed and useful facts.
Let's Start With The Facts
Can you get high from taking CBD?
Fact: Despite what you may have read, CBD does not get you high. THC is found in large quantities in marijuana plants – it’s the cannabinoid that’s responsible for most of the psychoactive effects that cause marijuana users to get “high.” The majority of good CBD suppliers derive their CBD from the hemp plant and not the marijuana plant.
Fiction: All CBD comes from hemp. This is a misunderstanding. CBD is also found in marijuana plants but only at low levels. There are several rogue sellers of CBD that do not know what they are selling. You can derive CBD from marijuana and if you are not buying from a reputable source, you could be ingesting THC (where you will feel high) and you are potentially breaking the law.
Is CBD oil the same as hemp oil?
Fact: CBD is an oil that contains Cannabidiol. CBD is extracted from a cannabis plant and usually combined with a base oil (often olive, coconut or MCT). Raw CBD oil looks more like jelly (see picture), so in order to get the proper dosing, it is diluted with a carrier oil. Hemp Oil or “hemp seed oil” is just what it sounds like: oil that’s been extracted from the seeds of the hemp variety of the cannabis Sativa plant. To extract the oil, the hemp seeds are pressed and bottled, further processed and refined before bottling, but there is NO CBD in hemp seed oil.
Fiction: Hemp oil contains CBD? This is false! Hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant and does not contain CBD, or any other cannabinoids. Hemp oil is associated with its own list of health benefits. Be careful buying hemp seed oil off of Amazon, because they do not allow you to sell CBD on their platform. These items are marketed with the same messages and benefits, but they are misleading you and again, do not contain CBD.
What is the differences between Hemp and Marijuana?
Fact: First of all, hemp contains naturally high levels of CBD and low levels of THC while marijuana produces low levels of CBD and high levels of THC. To get CBD oil from marijuana, special strains must be developed and hybridized, which means the oil is not being derived from a source that occurs in nature.
Second, CBD oil from hemp is legal while CBD oil from marijuana is only legal in specific states and only for medicinal purposes – mostly those involving seizures. That means that in those states where its use is legal, you must have at least one prescription to obtain it. Marijuana is rightly considered to be a “drug.” It is cultivated mainly for medicinal and “recreational” purposes. Both indica and sativa strains, as well as hybrids of the two, are used to produce marijuana.
Third, because hemp contains much higher levels of CBD compared to marijuana, extracting it is much easier – and much more cost-effective. Therefore, it’s available at a much lower cost. Industrial hemp does contain some cannabinoids and it has negligible amounts of THC. In fact, in order to be legally cultivated, the industrial hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC. Industrial hemp is often grown for food and fibers.
While many of the CBD products on the market are produced from this kind of industrial hemp, the CBD oil in our products is made from a CBD-rich strain known as PCR hemp. PCR is short for phytocannabinoid rich — it contains as much as ten times the concentration of CBD as generic industrial hemp and negligible amounts of THC. It does not cause a high, and is, therefore, NOT considered a drug.
Fiction: The United States federal government considers CBD to be a Class I controlled substance. Virtual every state in the U.S. has instituted legislation to regulate its cultivation of hemp and allow its use for CBD and industrial purposes.
What exactly is CBD Oil?
CBD is short for cannabidiol. It is just one of 113 different molecules called cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. CBD oil is a natural oil that is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. It is used by people all over the world as a dietary supplement and for a variety of purposes. CBD is not an acronym. Cannabidiol has been shortened to CBD simply because it’s customary for cannabinoids to have a three-letter designation, such as THC for tetrahydrocannabinol, CBG for cannabigerol, CBN for cannabinol and so forth. THC is arguably the most famous member of the cannabinoids family — it’s the one that causes a high, and it’s mostly found in marijuana.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains a variety of active compounds such as cannabinoids and terpenes. Depending on the formulation of a product, it may contain other beneficial components such as omega fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a class of volatile hydrocarbon compounds produced by the cannabis plant as well as most other plants. However, cannabis is currently the most terpene-dense plant known to humans. Terpenes readily evaporate at room temperature and our noses are highly sensitive to them.
Terpenes are recognized as safe for human consumption by the Food and Drug Association and are used in a wide variety of food and cosmetic products.
In nature, terpenes act as both a repellent for pests and as attractants for pollinators and seed spreaders. In cannabis, terpenes are produced in the highest concentrations in the female flowers. Although terpene molecules are all very similar, each has its own unique scent and flavor.
Terpenes can also have powerful effects on our bodies. In fact, terpenes have been utilized by humans for years in what’s commonly known as aromatherapy. For example, the scent of citrus is produced primarily by a combination of limonene and pinene, both of which are thought to elevate mood.
Some common terpenes include linalool, myrcene, caryophyllene, limonene, terpinolene, citronellol, and camphene. The traditional uses of these terpenes and others vary, but they include support for muscle and joint function, mood and overall wellness. Terpenes also act on cannabinoid receptors and are known to modify the effects of cannabinoids.
What Are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are active compounds produced by all cannabis plants. They account for most of the benefits of cannabis. Cannabinoids found in plants are technically called phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids mimic compounds which we call endocannabinoids that are produced naturally by all mammals.
Phytocannabinoids — Cannabinoids produced by plants.
Endocannabinoids — Cannabinoids produced by humans or other mammals.
Other cannabinoids found in PCR hemp include cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabichromene (CBC). Cannabichromene (CBC), is the third most common cannabinoid found in cannabis. Like CBD, cannabichromene is non-psychoactive. Cannabigerol (CBG) is produced early on in the hemp’s growth cycle. Both CBC and CBG are believed to have properties similar to those of CBD.
Below is a list of the most common cannabinoid molecules found in cannabis.
Cannabidiol (CBD) — The second most common cannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant that is non-psychotropic (it doesn’t get you high).
Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — The primary psychoactive compound in marijuana that gives users a feeling of euphoria.
Cannabichromene (CBC) — This third most common cannabinoid, also non-psychoactive, is thought to support mood and joint and muscle function.
Cannabinol (CBN) — Believed to support joint and muscle function and aid in a good night’s rest.
Cannabigerol (CBG) — Non-psychoactive and used to support mood, and joint and muscle function.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCv) — Less psychoactive than THC.
Cannabidivarin (CBDv) — Similar to CBD in its effects.
Delta(8) THC — Similar to delta(9)-THC, less psychoactive and may support a relaxed mood.
THCa and CBDa — Compounds found in raw cannabis that are non-psychotropic.